Everest climbing season is here. Summits are about to be had. Lives are about to be changed forever… for better or for worse.
1. Everest grows 4mm higher every year due to geologic uplift.
2. 1 in 10 successful summits ends in death.
3. Over 4,000 people have attempted to climb Everest.
4. George Everest, Surveyor General of India from 1830 to 1843, discovered Everest in 1841.
5. Mount Everest is also home to a very minute black jumping spider. These spiders hide in crevices and feed on frozen insects. Their food depends largely upon what is blown by the wind into the specific area. They live as high as 22,000 feet.
6. Over 260 people have died on Everest (exact number unknown).
7. In 2014, a 7.8 magnitude earthquake triggered an avalanche that base camp killed 16 Sherpa and climbers and injured 61. This is the greatest tragedy ever seen on Everest.
In 2014, an avalanche killed 16 Sherpa above the Khumbu icefall. At the time this was the worst accident in Everest history.
During 1996, around 15 people lost their lives while trying to descend from the summit of Mount Everest (the 3rd most in one year). In 2012, 11 people perished on Everest (the 4th most).
8. Sir Edmund Hilary and Tenzing Norgay were the first to summit Everest, on May 19 1953.
9. Over 2000 people have reached the top of Everest.
10. There are around 120 dead bodies of climbers on the mountain.
11. Avalanches are the greatest cause of death for climbers scaling Everest (Avalanches at about a 2:1 ratio over falls).
12. The summit is just below the cruising height of a jet.
13. The youngest person to reach summit was 13 and the oldest was 80 (same guy who skied Everest in 1971).
14. In Nepal the mountain is called Sagarmatha, meaning ‘forehead of the sky’.
15. In Tibet the mountain is known as Chomolangma for ‘mother of the universe’
16. It is the highest mountain in the world at 29,035 feet, although its exact height is often disputed.
17. Everest was created about 60 million years ago.